Understanding Painful sex
Painful sex due to menopause is a symptom of a chronic condition called vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA).
VVA is a common condition that affects up to about half of all post-menopausal women in the US. Symptoms of VVA include dryness, irritation, painful urination, and painful sex.
How VVA Affects the Vaginal Area
After menopause, hormonal changes can lead to a variety of physical changes to the vagina, such as the loss of vaginal tissue, lubrication, and flexibility.
Hot flashes and night sweats are common symptoms of menopause that are widely known and treated. But symptoms like vaginal dryness and painful sex often go undiscussed and untreated.
Your healthcare provider may call painful sex dyspareunia (pronounced dis-pu-ROO-ne-uh), which is the medical term for this condition.